Booming: Television News Channels in India

Before the online gambling revolution and prior to the boom the popularity of tribe casinos, a cruise was the sole legal way to gamble in the US besides Las Vegas and Atlantic City casinos. Nowadays, gambling on an on-board casino is one of the options that the recreational gambler faces when he feels like shooting dice.

The history of cruise ships along with riverboat casinos within the United States goes back to the early 19th century when the Mississippi River was a major commercial center for farmers as well as merchants. The river towns became major attractions for professional gamblers called cardsharps, who hunted travelers who carried large sums of cash.

When five card sharks were executed in Mississippi in 1835, professional gamblers drove away from the south. The style of riverboat gambling was a routine between travelers. The decades leading up to the Civil War saw the pick of luxurious riverboat casino gambling.

The image of the common riverboat player has changed a lot over the past century. In the 19th century, the riverboat gamble was KANNADANEWS a part of the frontier lifestyle today, a cruise on a casino is something you would buy to commemorate your grandparents’ birthday.

The first State to legalize casino riverboats was Iowa in 1989. The casinos that are now riverboats are legal across Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, South Carolina and Texas. In some states, the casino riverboats actually sail along the sea, while others are anchored permanently and do not quit the dock. The second type of riverboat casinos allow recreational gamblers to simply get on the nearest casino and enjoy their favorite casino game for a few hours.

The type of games played in casinos on rivers differ from one state to another. It is common to play slot machines , as well as traditional table games such as blackjack roulette, craps, roulette Baccarat, etc. Certain riverboat casinos also have poker rooms, where players are able to play Texas Holdem against one another. Most of the casino cruises are family-friendly, and offer other activities besides gambling like live entertainment and entertainment for children.

If you’re considering taking part in a cruise that includes casinos there is no need to fret about sharps on cards or a tough battle at the table of poker. The majority of people who participate in a cruise are gamblers on a pleasure cruise who enjoy the thrill of playing a game of craps between fine dining and sun tanning by the water. Additionally, you’ll enjoy a much nicer and patient service from the casino dealers and employees than you will in a typical Las Vegas casino.

If a weekend spent at a riverboat casino is too to your taste, it is possible to try one of Florida daily casino cruises. If you choose to take the Sterling Casino Lines cruise, for instance, you could leave at 11 am and arrive back at 18pm. Sterling Casino Lines cruises take place on 75,000 square feet of gambling area with more than 1,000 slot machines and more than 50 games on tables.

Sterling Casino Line cruise is only one example from numerous possibilities available in the United States for those of you that want to bet on the country rivers, lakes and seas. The selection of casino cruises as well as dockside riverboat casinos includes the most extravagant Las Vegas styles casinos and more affordable alternatives. If you like gambling for fun and you tend to be sick at sea going on a casino cruise could be a pleasant entertainment for just a day or for the duration of a weekend.

News programs have become a the latest hot item and are competing for attention with other popular programmes telecast in diverse channels. Television broadcasters across the world are including at least one news channel to their lineup. The biggest hurdle to launching an satellite channel is the need to program software that can be used round the clock. In this juncture, newsgathering is a major task for the news channels with 24 hours of coverage. In order to accomplish this the new digital channels have attempted to report on all news events regardless of the location, location and time. They have not only changed the notion of news on Indian television, but also transformed the formats of news. Prior to the 1990s Doordarshan was the sole newscast provider on Indian television and also turned news programs into dowdy exercise. Now the private channels transformed news into a vital product, like food, cloth and shelter. The most appealing feature of modern news bulletins is the topicality, objectivity, glossy editing, and top-quality images. News has come a long way from the DD age. From local news to International happenings and breaking news, from news analysis to breaking news analysis, TV soap to page 3 news Every event falls under the responsibility of the news. In this piece, we’ve discussed some major changes on news broadcasting in India between the time of during the Gulf War.

Indian Television – Flash Back

Television in India is experiencing major changes as part of the free market environment. To grasp these changes it is necessary to understand the road covered by the television channels to date. The venture began as an experiment with the financial aid of UNESCO on the 15th of September, 1959. The makeshift studio located at Akashvani Bhavan located in New Delhi was chosen for the site of the experiment. The first experiment was a one-hour program that was broadcast twice a week, on health in the community the rights of citizens, traffic awareness and education. In terms of news concerned, the program was first launched exactly six years following the introduction of television broadcasting. Every day, a one-hour news program and an information bulletin was offered to the Indian viewers. But one major drawback of television was that viewers could not enjoy the original colors of the objects due of black or white transmitting. The first multi-color program was the Prime Minister’s speech to the nation from the Red Fort in Delhi on the 35th Independence Day. In the that same year, DD National channel was established. The intention behind the launch of this National channel is nurturing the national unity, and instilling pride in Indians. Indian viewers also enjoyed the color version of the Asian Games hosted by New Delhi in their drawing room. The coverage of major events and different occasions lend a big contribution to the spreading of television signals to the regions and corners of the subcontinent. Indian Government has taken all possible steps to expand the coverage of television geographically. In 1983 television signals were accessible to only 28% of the population, that number had risen to a staggering 80% by the year’s end and by 1990, over 90% of the population was able to access to television signals. In 1984, the DD Metro channel was added to offer exclusive entertainment option for urban viewers. In the beginning, the channel was confined to metropolitan cities.
As a public broadcaster, Doordarshan presented the news in natural and easy to understand manner. Every controversial issue was swept under the rug. The ruling party had a firm hold on the broadcasting on television. Doordarshan news bulletins weren’t able to provide the international news to the national viewers. Objectivity had been the first victim as news was always biased to fit the political government. News was released from the constraints of the DD newsroom and gained in credibility and objectivity as New Delhi Television (NDTV) produced ‘The world this week’ in 1988. Everyone was waiting for the Friday night when they could watch “The World This Weekend”. This was the only India-based program that looked at the rest of the world. In the end, World This Week was the most popular current affairs program on the international scene. It also carried great news, that regular DD news was failed to deliver. The program is considered to be one of the country’s finest and most popular television programs. Since 1989, NDTV creates India’s initial live televised coverage of the country’s general election. The critical and commercial success of the program sets the new norm of excellence for Indian television. After The Gulf War the media panorama has changed forever.

Golf War – The Catalyst

Post 1990, satellite television in India has become transnational in nature. It coincided with the entry of multinational corporations in the Indian markets, under the Government policies of privatization. International satellite television was first introduced by India by CNN through it’s coverage of Gulf War in 1991. In August 1991, Richard Li launched Star Plus, as the initial satellite-based channel that that broadcast the signal to the Indian subcontinent. Subhash Chandra’s Zee TV appeared in October 1992. It was India’s first privately-owned Hindi channel that caters to the demands to Indian viewers. This was followed by Sony and, a bit later by local channels like Eenadu, Asianet and Sun TV. Entertainment channels had started to occupy center stage in the company’s strategies for programming and advertising was now considered to be main source of funding. The earlier mission of Doordarshan to assist in the process of economic and social growth had been clearly diminished. Doordarshan had been in a battle with opposition in its news and public affairs with international channels such as BBC and CNN. Doordarshan had planned to offer slots for news programs under the sponsored categories. In February 1995, NDTV was the very first private producer of National news program, ‘News Tonight’. The show that aired on the government-owned television channel. Doordarshan established a new standard for Indian television due to its instant reporting coupled with relevant visuals. In the same year TV Today Network occupied a 20 minutes slot in DD Metro channel and aired the Hindi news and current affairs programme “Aaj Tak”. The program gained popularity due to its extensive coverage and distinctive style of presentation presented by late S. P. Singh. However, we are still able to recall the welcome message “Ye Thi Khabar Aaj Tak, Intizar. Kijiye Kal Tak”. Many viewers across India were watching Aaj Tak as a daily habit due to its original style of news presentation. Besides that Nalini Singh’s five minute fast-paced, condensed daily news capsule Ankhon Dekhi, TV Today Network’s Business Aaj Tak and Newstrack was broadcast by the Metro channel of Doordarshan. It was during this time period that satellite channels concentrated on entertainment programs for their channels. Doordarshan was still by the most sought-after area called ‘news’.

Major Players

The monopoly of Doordarshan’s was broken in 1992 when private television channels entered the Indian boundaries and began to entertain viewers in the most entertaining way. At the start of the 1990s, private channels aired only entertainment programs. The entertainment programs include family drama, comedy serials and children’s programming, as well as cartoons films, talk shows recipes musical concerts, non-fiction programmes etc. Private entertainment channels also added entertainment programming to their Fixed Point Charts (FPC). Keeping the demand of informational programming in mind, media houses began producing magazines that covered entertainment and news and news programs for various channels. India’s premier business and consumer news broadcaster as well as a top multimedia content distributor, Television Eighteen India Limited (TV18) established India’s very first ever entertainment magazine ‘The India Show which was aired on Star Plus in 1993. The new media powerhouse offered prime time television content for most of the major broadcasting satellites across India which included BBC, Star Plus, Sony Entertainment Television, Zee, MTV and Discovery. After The India Show, TV18 produced a weekly news program India Business Report for BBC World. Indian viewers had very limited options (like public service broadcaster Doordarshan, BBC and CNN) to watch the TV news. For news broadcasts on telecast, viewers were required to tune into Dordarshan and some international news channels, like BBC as well as CNN. In this race to provide more news, more information, Zee Television jumped into the battle by launching the news channel Zee News in 1995. The News and current affairs channel changed how news was distributed to viewers. Since its start, Zee News has endeavoured to be the most efficient in providing information, aiming for the same goal of Sabse Pahle (Always First). Another 24-hour news channel that is owned by Murdoch Star TV beamed its exclusively 24/7 news channels, Star News in 1998. Star signed a contract of five years with Prannoy Roy-owned NDTV (New Delhi Television Company) to supply news programming for the news channel.
The untiring exhaustive reporting of Kargil war in the region of India and Pakistan attracted more attention in addition to attracting more audiences towards the electronic channel. This televised conflict also sets an example of wartime journalism. The time of the Kargil war, the common people watched as their brave Jawans fought despite in dangerous conditions. They were also able to see the battlefront live through the only news channels, Star-TV as well as Zee-News. The live broadcast of the battlefield helped to generate a sense of patriotism in the Indian masses, which later helped in accumulating huge sums of money to support the families of the Kargil martyrs. Every news programme draws the attention of an enormous number of viewers. However, the Kargil war has attracted private broadcasters to invest even more in broadcasting through the launch of the news channel. In November 1999, TV18 joined a partnership of 49:51 partnership along with CNBC Asia to launch CNBC India. TV18 is the sole program provider to CNBC India, and produces 12 hours of local programming daily on this 24-hour satellite channel.
After the huge success and success of news program ‘Aaj Tak’, TV Today group launched the 24 hour Hindi news channel with the same name , ‘Aaj Tak in December 2000, which is a comprehensive coverage of India with insight, courage and lots of local flavor. Within 11 months after its debut, Aaj Tak emerged as India’s number one news channel and was awarded the Best News Channel award from Indian Television Academy Awards. There were some major events aside from the usual newsworthy events (such for Kandhahar hijack the September 11 attacks Afghanistan war attack upon Parliament, Iraq war, Godhra violence and riots) have driven up the viewership. With time the NDTV contract for five years together with Star group for outsourcing of news and related programming ended in March 2003. The contract was due to expire. NDTV began to enter the broadcasting business with the launch of two 24-hour news channels: NDTV 24-hours-a-day – English news channel, and NDTV India – Hindi news channel, which targets the Indian diaspora around the world. The news-crazed Indians have access to more news in a faster pace from various channels. Anything that’s unusual is recorded by the television camera anyplace from Rastrapati Bhawan to bedroom. Television journalism’s power was become more visible by the major sting operations such as Operation West End and Shakti Kapoor Case. This type of investigative journalism has brought about an alteration in the way we look at news, with new definitions of freedom of expression. The world’s largest family ‘Sahara India Parivar’ launched an all-hours national Hindi news station, Sahara Samay, in March 28th, 2003. It’s the first city-specific satellite news channel, which covers 31 cities across India and with its own bulletins for city news. To keep the needs of news in mind, the Union cabinet was in agreement to convert the DD Metro to DD news during a meeting scheduled on October 3, 2003. Following these announcements the DD-News channel launched on November 3rd, 2003. It is possible that you have noticed that the news channels are not language specific. But DD’s news channel also has all-hour news bulletins that are in Hindias well as English are also broadcast twice a day on the National Network of DD National.

 

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